Video Transcription and Closed Captions
When producing a video, seeking video transcription services, or doing your own transcribing from video to text, you might be wondering about the relationship between closed captioning and video transcription. What is the difference? (And if you’re wondering about subtitling, read this.)
Both transcription and closed captioning convert speech (and sometimes other sounds) into text.
A transcript exists independently. Closed captions are displayed with the video. Video transcription produces a text document which can be read independently, on paper or screen. Closed captions are a visual representation of the soundtrack which appears on the screen as the video plays.
A transcript may or may not include time coding. Closed captions must use time codes and be synchronized with the sound and visuals. In order to create closed captions, you need a time coded transcript. Then you must divide up the text to match particular moments in the video, and display the words just as they are being spoken.
Purposes of Video Transcription and Closed Captions
Transcripts have many purposes. Just a few examples: a creative aid, a historical document, a searchable document, a legal record. Closed captions are made to aid communication of audio information in ‘real time’ to people with hearing difficulties, language barriers, and in environments where the audio must be muted, or where there is background noise which makes hearing difficult. In practice, captioning is also used widely by people learning languages and improving their reading skills.
Transcripts can be verbatim, or they can be edited. Closed captioning might use a verbatim transcript or an edited transcript.
Both might include non-speech sounds, or they might be limited to spoken language.
In television, film, and other video production, video transcription services are essential for creating all varieties of text from audio visual material. Among other things, this can include transcripts from initial footage, research interviews, rehearsals, final scripts, as well as closed captions and subtitles.
The Wide World of Transcription
- Best Practices
- Famous Transcripts
- Local Color
- The Wide World of Transcription
- Tigerfish News
- Transcription Technology
- What is Transcription?